Genetic Laboratories and Clinics

Genetic Laboratories and Clinics Prior to the development of modern genetic technologies, genetic services were limited to genetic counselling, where health professionals would attempt to characterize the genetic contribution of diseases based on family histories. With the discovery of DNA, genetic services have dramatically increased in quality and scope. Increasingly sophisticated technologies now permit new methodology and high quality preparations ensuring greater accuracy in diagnosis.
Today, the presence of genetic labs and clinics is prominent worldwide. Many hospitals with established genetics programmes do offer specialized laboratory testing and comprehensive diagnostic evaluation in addition to genetic counselling. In the absence of specialist genetic counsellor, nurses and other healthcare workers are often trained to counsel patients.
In addition to the work of independent genetic researchers, laboratories and clinics also address the needs of and provide services for the public. These range from detecting mutations, to analyzing predisposition to disease, to identifying illnesses in the unborn fetus, in addition to explaining the possible risks due to genetic influences in pregnancies and methods of their prevention.
Today a variety of genetic tests are available. These can be classified under five broad areas.
 
Publish date: 1397/11/15